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Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Tips

Views:206     Author:YC Water jet Technology Co.,Ltd     Publish Time: 2017-10-27      Origin:Site

Hopefully you will find that reading through these tips might provide you with more insight into the process.Some of the tips are obvious, while others are only seen through experience.

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1. When cutting under 0.100 inch thick material little is gained by using medium (50 HP) or large (60 to 80 HP) cutting heads. Use a small parameter combination (25HP) and consider multiple head to increase production if needed.

2. Avoid cutting through air gaps greater than 0.020.The jet tends to open up in the gap and cut the lower layer roughly. When stack cutting, keep the sheets together.

3. Smaller abrasive grains (120 mesh or smaller) will produce a slightly slower but slightly smoother surface (as compared to 80 or 50 mesh).

4. If you intend to pierce composites, glass, and stone on a regular basis, ensure the system has the ability to have the water pressure lowered and raised by the controller. Also, you should investigate vacuum assist or other techniques to improve probability of successfully piercing these brittle or laminated materials.

5. Control systems specifically designed for a process are typically more efficient and easier to use than generic multi-process controls.

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6. Most machines do not employ material handling automation, such as shuttles. Only when material handling constitutes a significant portion of part production cost should automation be considered. 90% of all Abrasive Waterjet machines are loaded and unloaded either by hand or with the aid of simple overhead cranes, jib cranes, or fork lifts. Approximately 50% of all Waterjet machines utilize material handling automation. WJ typically cuts thin, light material at very high speed. The time it takes to cut an entire sheet is fairly low, and the handling component of part production cost is high enough to justify the added capital expense.

7. Ordinary tap water is used to feed the Waterjet systems. 90% of all Waterjet and Abrasive Waterjet users require only water softening prior to sending that water through the pump’s inlet water filters and then to the intensifier. Reverse Osmosis (RO) and De- Ionizers tend to make the water so pure that it becomes “ion starved.” This aggressive water seeks to satisfy its’ ion starvation by taking ions from surrounding materials,such as the metals in the pump and high-pressure plumbing lines. RO and De-I can greatly extend orifice life,while simultaneously performing very expensive damage to the intensifier and plumbing. Orifices are rather inexpensive. High-pressure cylinders, check valves, and end caps damage will far outweigh orifice life improvements.

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8. Cutting underwater reduces surface frosting or ‘hazing’ found on the top edge of an abrasive Waterjet cut.Cutting underwater also greatly reduces jet noise and workplace mess. The only negative is that operators cannot see the jet clearly during cutting. If the operator objects to underwater cutting, consider electronic performance monitoring. These monitors will detect deviation from peak cutting performance and stop the system prior to part damage.

9. If you plan on using different abrasive mesh sizes for different jobs, consider adding a small (100 pound) orlarge (500 to 2,000 pound) bulk transfer. Without having a bulk transfer hopper for each mesh size you regularly run, you may produce downtime and nuisance along with your production.

10. Break out tabs can prove effective for cutting of materials under 0.3 inch thick. Although break out tabs generally guarantee you’ll need a secondary operation of grinding off the tabs, their usage allows material handling to be performed faster – simply unload a cut sheet with the cut parts still in tact. The harder the material, the smaller the break out tab should be. Consult your manufacturer for detailed suggestions.



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